Friday, 17 May 2019

Sister Cities: Lake Macquarie, Australia

This post continues this month's series on Rotorua's Sister Cities. The third sister city to Rotorua was the City of Lake Macquarie in Australia. The city is located approximately 150 km north of Sydney. When the agreement was signed in 1997 approximately 180,000 people lived in the Lake Macquarie area of New South Wales, Australia.

The idea of a sister city relationship was first approached in 1994 when then Rotorua District Council Director of Community Services Greg Fraser meet Lake Macquarie's Bill Hanley at the New Zealand Sister Cities Convention in Timaru.

A number of discussions took place during the mid 1990s and in September 1997 Mayor John Kilpatrick led a delegation of more than 30 people to Rotorua where a formal agreement was signed.

Rotorua mayor Grahame Hall and Lake Macquarie mayor John Kilpatrick sign formal sister city agreement. Source: Daily Post, Wednesday 24 September 1997, p. 2

The official signing ceremony also included a powhiri and dinner. Māori cultural group Ngati Rangiwewehi performed and there was a special guest appearance by Rotorua's own Tina Turner, aka Bea Yates.

Mr Kilpatrick was presented with a weaving created at the New Zealand Māori Arts and Crafts Institute. It was the last design by Emily Schuster, who had recently passed away.

Rotorua deputy mayor Johnny Lepper and John Kilpatrick hongi during the official ceremony. Source: Weekender, Friday 26 September 1997, p. 14

In November Grahame Hall and mayoress Sandy Hall led a 34-strong delegation to Lake Macquarie for a week-long visit where a reciprocal signing took place. The delegation included Deputy Mayor Johnny Lepper, Councillors Mita Mohi, Trevor Maxwell, Ben Benfield, Knocker Dean and Annie Bowie, as well as a group of Rotorua business and educational community representatives.

The two councils gifted each other paintings of local scenes. Rotorua was given a painting of Lake Macquarie and Rotorua gave Lake Macquarie a painting of the Rotorua Musuem of Art and History building.

Grahame Hall with a painting gifted to Rotorua from Lake Macquarie. Source: Daily Post, Tuesday 18 November 1997, p. 2

In February 1999 Grahame and Sandy Hall attended the official opening of Lake Macquarie's $6.5 million dollar athletic track and gymnasium. This was the first official function Hall attended since the sister city agreement was signed.

Over the years there have been numerous official and unofficial (dignitaries visiting while on holiday) visits between the two cities, including several sporting exchanges with runners in relay, marathon and half marathon events, particularly at high school level.

Glass plate presented to Rotorua District Council on the signing of the sister city agreement on 23 September 1997. 

This blog post was written by Graeme, with thanks to the Daily Post and the Rotorua Lakes Council.

Friday, 10 May 2019

Sister cities : Beppu, Kyushu, Japan 1987

Beppu our second Sister City 

 The Beppu Mayor first contacted Mr Keaney regarding a Sister City relationship in early 1984. The idea was then discussed at a full council meeting on the 13th December. Mr Keaney said Council should consider ‘the cost of hosting visitors before cementing such a bond’

"Mr Keaney and Mr Harry Childs have been invited to visit Japan and Beppu from 3th Feb – 9th 1985 for preliminary discussions. Air NZ had also offered a discounted airfare as part of its efforts to encourage tourism to NZ.  The council supported this visit to Japan. DP 14 Dec 1984, pg.1
“Sister City links find supporters”.  Following a meeting with locals and local groups, Mayor Keaney is optimistic that the community is supportive of this new relationship with Beppu for the city". Daily Post 9 Oct 1985

 “Sister City ties: Wheelchair marathon first step to Beppu” Mr J.E. Marsh has taken up the challenge, of being chairman, of heading a local liaison committee looking into the possibilities of how to encourage this new sister city relationship.  This will begin this year with two Rotorua sportsmen visiting the city to take part in a wheelchair marathon.  Other ideas put forward are an exchange of arts and crafts and fostering ‘family exchanges.’"  Daily Post 10 Oct 1985.

Beppu Map Click this link to Google Earth. 

 ‘Gifts from sister city’ in Daily Post, 15th Jul 1987, pg.3.  “The Rotorua entourage, which included district council officials and a Maori cultural group teamed up with a 500-strong Auckland contingent for the trip. The Aucklanders visited their sister city and the Rotorua group travelled on to Beppu”   A photograph of Mayor John Keaney and District Manager Ted Hansen shows them holding the gifts and the official sister-city document. Signed on 10 July 1987.

These three items were gifted to Rotorua District Council from their counterparts of Beppu, Japan

Beppu travel guide Click this link to see what there is for tourists.

An office exchange programme started in 1991 and in 1993 the second exchange officer arrived in NZ. Hideki Kamahori a graduate of Rikkyo University and worked at City Hall, Beppu since 1980. While here he spent his first few months learning English, then he came to Rotorua where he worked with council staff learning about local authority administration in NZ.  From District News, 7th July 1993, pg.2 

In the Daily Post, 20 March 1993, pg.22. Nell Trail writes:

"At an exhibition in the gallery at Council - describes some of the items in the exhibition. A Japanese wedding gown of rich red and gold brocade with red lining; a Kokeshi doll; a sculptured glass clock; a gold bamboo fan; a Hakato traditional clay doll ; a bamboo doll and an ancient farmer wearing rope sandals and holding a mouse.

Beppu description of the surrounding landscape and city, with its hot springs, and the medicinal effects of the eight main spring areas. Nell describes the relaxing sand baths, waterfall baths and steam baths. All of which do not smell strongly of sulphur as their chemical makeup is different from our Rotorua ones.

As well as the baths, she writes there are many outdoor pools spouting geysers and sizzling heat. Beppu also is close to the inactive volcano ‘Bungo Fuji’ which last erupted 1,100 years ago, it has five craters and some slight activity can be detected on the far side of the crater. 

Beppu and Rotorua will be linked as sister cities, and shall positively promote friendly exchanges, beneficial in providing understanding, through scenic development, tourism. Cultural, education, science and technology, thereby making a positive contribution to world peace and prosperity”

Ten years on… Daily Post 26 August 1997, pg.1  
Two local marathon runners, Hilary Grinter and Peter Roy, recently competed in the annual Beppu Yukemuri Kenko marathon, both returning excellent performances in the 20km event. 16 Dec 1997, pg.2.

…”both cities have had changes in the mayoralty since the agreement was signed in 1987, changes which often signal reversals in the previous administration’s arrangements. But Graeme Hall and Beppu mayor Nobuyuki Inoue have weathered the changes and appear to have become firm friends in the process”  “During the 10th Anniversary the ceremonies were covered by at least two TV stations and two radio stations”  Daily Post 20 Sept 1997 pg. 17

Yoroi Kabuto 

This Yoroi Kabuto suit was on display first in the Council building and then in the Library until 2016.

Collection gifted to Rotorua District Library from Rotorua's sister city Library Beppu,
Japan on 7 October 2010, they also received a collection from us about
Rotorua and New Zealand

"Bev, with Chiemi’s help (in translating all correspondence with the Beppu Library), and that of Sue White, Council’s Sister City Liaison, finally brought about an exchange of books with our sister city, Beppu, Japan. Chiemi was co-opted into cataloguing the books that arrived. Friends of the Library funded a special shelving unit and the collection was finally launched in October to co-inside with a visit of a delegation from Beppu."

30 Years on … 16 June 2017

“A Beppu delegation visited to celebrate the anniversary and  to strengthen relationships with the our Rotorua community,  but also to see how we in Rotorua were hosting the Rugby World Cup as Japan will be hosting the cup in 2019”

"Speaking through an interpreter, Mr Inomata, says the sister city relationship with Rotorua is important to Beppu and is a natural fit, given the geothermal resources which feature in both cities. 

Te Puia hosted a dinner in partnership with Auckland's Japanese Consulate Office which Tim Cossar says is part of maintaining long-established relationships and building on those to facilitate a successful tour of the Tuku Iho exhibition which will be touring Japan in 2019.  The visitors also went to Hell's Gate and the Redwoods Tree Walk before leaving Rotorua. 

This blog post was written by Alison, with thanks to the Daily Post and Rotorua Lakes Council documents. Photographs taken by Library staff.

Friday, 3 May 2019

Sister Cities: Klamath Falls, Oregon, U.S.A.

Rotorua's Sister Cities

This month we are going to explore the relationship that Rotorua has with other cities around the world, known as our Sister Cities. The modern concept of Sister Cities or Twin Towns came about in 1947, after World War 2. According to the NZ Sister Cities website: The establishment of sister city friendships stimulates interaction between people of different cultures and countries on a people-to-people basis, ...Connecting people globally for peace and prosperity.

Rotorua's sister cities are:
  1. Klamath Falls, USA,
  2. Beppu, Japan,
  3. Lake Macquarie, NSW, Australia
  4. Wuzhong District of Suzhou City, China

Klamath Falls, Oregon, U.S.A.

Klamath Falls Herald and News
11 April 1962, p 1
In 1962 Rotorua Council established a sister city relationship with the city of Klamath Falls, in Oregon, USA. The official agreement was signed by Mayor Robert Veatch of Klamath Falls on 24 April, 1962

Daily Post 21 March 1962

Early Klamath Falls

An early picture of Klamath Falls. Note the similar positioning to early pictures of Rotorua and Ohinemutu.

Similar in size to Rotorua, the city of Klamath Falls is located in Oregon, bordering northern California. It, like Rotorua, sits on the shores of a lake, in a basin, surrounded by hills and mountains. Klamath Falls enjoys around 300 days of sunshine each year. It's also an area steeped in history, with natural and cultural wonders all within easy distance. Like Rotorua, there's a diversity of activities available, such as white water rafting, fishing, cycling and hiking. We have Wingspan, they have pelicans and bald eagles. Originally built on the timber industry, Klamath Falls now has a growing tourist industry. The Klamath Falls surrounding area also supports agriculture.

Map of Klamath Falls

In 1963 Rotorua gained city status. The Mayor of Klamath Falls issued a proclamation the 20-26 January 1963 would be Sister City Week.

In February 1963 Walt and Mary McIntyre visited Rotorua from Klamath Falls. Among the activities arranged for them was attendance at the Settlers' Day luncheon. This story was printed in the Daily Post, 2 February 1963.

August 1964, Mayor Linton reported back to Council on his visit to Klamath Falls. He had already since his return home, received from Klamath Falls, landscape plans for a Rotorua Garden to be built in their Veteran's Park. The residents of Klamath Falls would like a small Maori meeting house as a central motif in the garden.

In 1967 Mr Veatch, Mayor of Klamath Falls and his wife Marty, led a 23 strong party to Rotorua. They were welcomed with a cavalcade down Tutanakai Street into Fenton Street with an official welcome outside the city hall on a flower-covered dais. The Rotorua Highland Pipe Band and marching girls preceded the open-top car and bus and four planes flew in formation overhead.The Rotoua Municipal Band played, Rotorua Boys High School cadets paraded and were inspected by the Mayors. To see more photos of this come up to our display on the 2nd Floor at Te Aka Mauri.

               Flyover and an open top car during the Klamath Falls welcome, 1967. Photograph         by Jack Lang (1915-1986). Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa (2011.100.294)

General view of the crowd at the Klamath Falls welcome, 1967.
Photograph by Jack Lang (1915-1916). Rotorua Museum Te Whare Taonga o Te Arawa

In February 1971 36 visitors arrived from Klamath Falls.Their itinerary was printed in the paper along with  brief biological sketches of 3 Klamath Falls residents.

Daily Post 27 February 1971, pp

Two-yearly visits back and forth were announced to council by Deputy Mayor P. Tapsell, after a recent trip where the Rotorua visitors were "lavishly entertained."However, it would be 1978 before another delegation from Rotorua visited Klamath Falls and 1979 before Klamath Falls delegates visited Rotorua. In 1981 and 1986 visits occured again. In May 1987 the Klamath Falls Rose Gardens were established in the Government Gardens. October 1990 a Rotorua a party of 11 visited Klamath Falls.

Mayor Keaney and Mrs Keaney at the dedication of
 Klamath Falls Rose Garden, Rotorua, December 1987

In February 1993 an official delegation from Klamath Falls was led by Jim Allen, former editor and publisher of the Klamath Falls Herald and News, and his wife Evelyn. A Rotorua District Council flag was presented to the group and was flown at the Rotorua Garden in Klamath Falls.

Daily Post 13 February 1993, p 2

In September 1993 the Daily Post reported that Klamath Falls had been hit by an earthquake.Students from 2 Rotorua schools sent letters of support. In November, Judd and Jean Davy returned from an extended stay in Klamath Falls, having visited 13 times. They reported that folks in Klamath Falls were keen to have contact with residents in Rotorua. Then in December, there was further damage to Klamath Falls with another smaller quake.

Add Daily Post 19 November 1993, p 9

In June 1994 there was a delegation to Klamath Falls led by Mayor Grahame Hall.

Klamath Falls badge for Rotorua visitors 1994

In March 2001 Klamath Fall residents visited Rotorua. In September 2002 a Rotorua delegation led by Mayor Graham Hall and his wife Sandy departed via San Francisco to Klamath Falls, then on to Vancouver, Hawaii and home. The group included the Marvelly family. While in Klamath Falls, they visited the Air Force Base and were presented with a picture by Thomas Kincaid, a leading artist.

Klamath Falls Herald and News
22 September 2002
Klamath Falls Herald and News
22 September 2002, contd.

March 2003, a visit to Rotorua from Klamath Falls Mayor Kellstrom and group. There itinerary included a visit to the Library and Rotorua Girls High School. In November 2004 a group of 22 student and 5 teachers and parents were hosted by high schools in  Klamath Falls as part of a sporting tour in the States.

2011 was the 50th anniversary of the signing of the Sister City agreement. Over the years various people have visited on their own back and forth and they pass through the two cities. This year, on 26 March, Jessie Widener and Robyn Smith from Klamath Falls visited Mayor Stevie Chadwick.

Robyn Smith, Jessie Widener and Mayor Stevie Chadwick
from the Mayor's Facebook page.

For the month of May, there will be a display on the 2nd floor of the Library which will include items gifted to Rotorua from our Sister Cities.

This blog written by Trish with thanks to Daily Post, Rotorua Lakes Council, Rotorua Museum and the Mayor's Facebook page.

Friday, 26 April 2019

Food in Wartime

Col. Lord Glanusk, C.B., D.S.O published a poem in the Wanganui Chronicle on 12 January 1916. His poem not only stressed the need to be frugal, but also cautions soldiers on what it was they should be frugal with:

                “To a soldier on service these tips I explain,
                Should carry you through e’en the longest campaign,
                A very sound rule is, wherever your beat,
                Don’t part with a “biscuit” without a receipt.
                But if you take charge of it, surely it’s sound too,
                Don’t give a receipt, then, unless you are bound to.
                Care there should be, if your life you’d preserve,
                Ammunition, food, men, keep a bit in reserve.
                Don’t waste any food, and throw nothing away,
                Or perhaps you’ll go hungry the very next day.”
            (The Wanganui Chronicle, Volume LX, Issue 50248, 12 January 1916)

World War One

New Zealand newspapers during wartime published many articles about food production, contingency plans and how New Zealanders could help out.

The Colonist: 6 August 1914 – Sir Joseph Ward (leader of the opposition) suggested that the government have the power to appoint a board of control to, “regulate the price of foodstuffs”.
The Colonist: 19 June 1915 – news from London stated that discussions were being held around preparing for food production if the war extended beyond the “1916 harvest”.
The Evening Post: 17 September 1915 – a group of businesses from Sydney, Australia send war-food gifts to England.
The Evening Post: 18 January 1917 – the retail prices are 87% over the pre-war prices in England. Principal increases are in potatoes, fish, flour, butter and cheese.
Marlborough Express: 21 February 1918 – the National Economy League formed in Palmerston North adopts the slogan, “Food wins the War – Save It!” The slogan was approved by the Prime Minister, Sir Joseph Ward. The league proposed that people could save in small ways. If New Zealanders reduced their waste in approximately 200,000 households, then the country would, “save sufficient to feed the whole of our New Zealand Expeditionary Forces, whether in camps, hospitals, on transports or at the front”.

A Wellington regiment’s field kitchen near the front line. Photograph taken at Grevillers, France. 24 August 1918 by Henry Armytage Sanders.                                                                     
(A Wellington Regiment's field kitchen near the front line, World War I. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association :New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/2-013518-G. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. /records/22696605)
Soldiers preparing a meal near a damaged German tank, possibly at Pont-a-Pierre, France, late 1918 by Henry Armytage Sanders.
(World War I soldiers preparing a meal near a damaged German tank, France. Royal New Zealand Returned and Services' Association :New Zealand official negatives, World War 1914-1918. Ref: 1/1-002081-G. Alexander Turnbull Library, Wellington, New Zealand. /records/22909970)

Post World War One

The Evening Post: 30 April 1919 - The cost of food after the war was very high, especially with the basics:
                “In France 1 pound of butter cost the equivalent of 42NZ dollars,
                1 pound of lamb cost the equivalent of 22NZ dollars and 1 pound
                of tea cost the equivalent of 15NZ dollars”. Throughout the world
                there was a shortage of commodities, including butter.
Traders were asking to get rid of government control of price enforcement of commodities. This included bread, meat, butter, lard, dried fruits, eggs, tea and alcohol.

World War Two

Evening Post: 1 April 1943 - New Zealand representatives took part in a conference where delegates explored the long-range effects of war-food problems.

Ellesmere Guardian: 19 April 1940 – the Auckland district Council of Primary Production looked at three areas to explore the production of pig and butter production and heavier wool clips. R.B Tennant, director of Primary Production said that increasing production in farming should focus on farmers who were already farming as opposed to breaking in new land. Employment options were recruiting men from the Public Works Department and youths leaving school. However, a drawback was housing conditions on farms.
                Tennant stated, “to be effective, it would be necessary to provide a maximum
                number of houses on farms at the cheapest rate in the shortest time. If good
                conditions were provided, working an eight hour day over 5 days would be
                acceptable for recruits”.

Farmers were also urged to save more heifer calves to build up dairy production. Tennant called these measures, “common-sense lines for advancing production.”

Ration books were first issued in April 1942 through the Post Office to the head of each household. The coupons were cut from the book by retailers. Each household were given 52 clothing coupons per year. These books highlighted the need for New Zealanders to be frugal during wartime.

Cover of a World War Two Ration Book

Ration Book, October 1943, New Zealand, by New Zealand Government. Gift of Alison Hutton, 2008. Te Papa (GH012052)

Sugar Coupons

Ration Book, October 1943, New Zealand, by New Zealand Government. Gift of Alison Hutton, 2008. Te Papa (GH012052)

Tea Coupons

Ration Book, October 1943, New Zealand, by New Zealand Government. Gift of Alison Hutton, 2008. Te Papa (GH012052)

Post World War Two

Evening Post: 24 November 1945 – Mr R. H. Buchanan, President of the fielding Branch of Federated Farmers said that, “the total value of meat, butter, cheese etc., shipped overseas during the war period was £417,130,000, which did not take into account the amount consumed locally. 

Food & Goods Shipped During Wartime
Processed Milk
3,400,000 tons
25,900 tons
over 2,000,000 tons
Canned Vegetables
23,625 tons
over 700,000 tons
Dehydrated Vegetables
16,785 tons
625,000 tons
Other Fresh Vegetables
15,075 tons
154,285 tons
11,565 tons
55,800 tons
5,535 tons
Wool Produced
5,400,000 bales equal to 825,000 tons (4,150,000 bales shipped overseas and the balance held in New Zealand)

Written by Ani Sharland with thanks to images from Alexander Turnbull Library, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa and newspaper articles from Papers Past.

Friday, 19 April 2019

Anzac Biscuits

Anzac Day is a national day of remembrance in Australia and New Zealand that recognises all New Zealanders and Australians who have served during wars, conflict and peacekeeping operations. Anzac Day originally honoured those who served in the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZACs) and fought at Gallipoli during World War I.

The Anzac Biscuit has long been attached to Anzac Day and is seen as a symbol of national identity in both New Zealand and Australia.

But there is much debate over the origins of the biscuits and whether they were eaten by soldiers during the First World War.

In her book Anzac Biscuits: the power and spirit of an everyday national icon, Allison Reynolds reviewed research into the history of Anzac biscuits.

In 1999 University of Otago Emeritus Professor Helen Leach asserted that there was 'no evidence' that Anzac biscuits were included in parcels sent to soldiers in World War I. Australian food historian Barbara Santich agrees with this writing 'there is no evidence that Australian women packed tins of homemade biscuits and dispatched them off to loved ones in the trenches.'

Dr Sian Supski on the other hand argues that it seems likely that a biscuit resembling an Anzac biscuit was sent. Supski references The Australian Comforts Fund, which requested that biscuits and cakes be packed in sealed tins.

In 1994 the New Zealand Listener shared an anecdote that a reader's mother remembered helping her own mother pack Anzac biscuits into large golden syrup tins during World War I to send to the front.

The New Zealand National Army Museum argues that Anzac biscuits being sent to the troops is a myth but does acknowledge that there is some evidence that a rolled oats biscuit was sent to troops on the Western Front but this 'was not widespread'.

Reynolds was unable to determine a definitive answer. She was also unable to determine when the name Anzac biscuit came into place despite extensive research. Reynolds asserts that not long after the 1915 Gallipoli campaign foods such as biscuits, cakes, and puddings had patriotic terms like Anzac or Gallipoli in them.

It is agreed that Anzac biscuits were largely sold at public events to raise funds to support the war effort. Today Anzac biscuits are still used as a fundraising effort for both Royal New Zealand Returned Services' Association (RSA) and the Returned and Services League of Australia (RSL).

Below are some Anzac biscuit recipes from the 1930s and a modern recipe to try yourself!

Anzac Biscuit recipe, Patea Mail, 20 October 1930. Courtesy of Papers Past. Note the spelling of coconut.

Anzac Biscuit recipe, Northern Advocate, 4 July 1939. Courtesy of Papers Past.

Simple modern Anzac Biscuit recipe


1 cup rolled oats
1 cup desiccated coconut
1 cup flour
1 cup sugar
125 g butter
2 Tbsp golden syrup
1 tsp baking soda
2 Tbsp boiling water


1. Preheat the oven to 180°C (160°C fan bake). Lightly grease 1-2 baking trays or line with baking paper.

2. In a large bowl, sift the flour. Stir in the rolled oats, coconut and sugar to combine. Make a well in the centre.

3. In a saucepan, melt the butter and golden syrup together.

4. Dissolve the baking soda in boiling water and then add to butter mixture.

5. Pour the butter mixture into the dry ingredient and mix to combine.

6. Roll spoonfuls of the mixture into balls and place on the oven tray, allowing enough room for biscuits to spread while cooking. Press biscuits down lightly with a fork.

7. Bake in the preheated oven for 12 - 15 minutes, cooking one tray at a time. Remove to a wire rack to cool, and enjoy!

This recipe is simple because for the dry ingredients it follows the one cup rule - 1 cup rolled oats, one cup desiccated coconut, 1 cup flour, 1 cup sugar. You may wish to get creative and add other ingredients, such as vanilla essence, almonds, pumpkin and sunflower seeds, dried fruits (sultanas, cranberries etc).

This blog was written by Graeme. Thanks to Papers Past, The New Zealand Army Museum, Anzac Biscuits: the power and spirit of an everyday national icon by Allison Reynolds. Anzac Biscuit photographs taken by Graeme Cash.

Friday, 12 April 2019

Autumn 1960s Style

Rotorua Photo News, a few photo's of Autumn in Rotorua

April 1964 edition : 
First Rugby game of the season : Wasps v Harlequins was attended by 10,000 at Rugby Park. With fifteen All Blacks shared between the two teams.  The Score : Wasps 30,  Harlequins 22. 
Pg’s 6-10. & 60-61,66.

Rotorua Photo News, April 1964 - pg 6

Traffic was nose to tail... pg 66

Every Easter, local Jaycees pay a visit to the children's ward of Queen Elizabeth Hospital. And a few children get dressed for the occasion.

April 1966 edition:

Organised by Mike Molloy, National Menswear Week, took place with six male models parading the streets downtown in style, Telephone and public quiz shows and music from local pop group 'The Newcomers'. p.38-41

A few popular recipes to enjoy this Autumn.  From the W.D.F.F Cookery Book. 1965

From a cook book in my Mum's collection.

Brittany Tea Room Carrots

2 cups cubed carrot                        ¼ cup water
½ teaspoon sugar                           1 small onion
2 tablespoons oil                             1 ½ tablespoons flour
⅛ teaspoon pepper                         ½ teaspoon salt
1 cup strained tomato juice             Cayenne

Let carrots stand in salted water 10 minutes or more. Saute chopped onions and carrots in butter for 5 minutes. Add flour and seasoning, stir well, then add water and tomato juice. Put on fire and when it boils pour into baking dish or casserole and bake for 1 hour. Good warm oven. 

Autumn is also the time we commemorate the fallen, Lest We Forget 

Soldier at QE Spa : Photo by Alison Leigh.
This post compiled by Alison.